Download the Oceans Module

This module contains:

  •  An editable PowerPoint lesson presentation
  • Editable revision handouts
  • A glossary that covers the key terminologies of the module
  • Topic mindmaps for visualising the key concepts
  • Printable flashcards to help students engage active recall
  • A quiz with an answer key to test knowledge and understanding of the module


The ocean is a large body of salt water that covers 71 percent of the earth’s surface. The Earth has one global ocean that is divided into several regions. The world historically recognized four regions: the Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, and Arctic oceans. Over many years, the boundaries of these regions changed and developed as a result of geographical, historical, cultural, and scientific factors. In the 20th century, however, a number of oceanographers classified a new fifth ocean, the Southern Ocean, made up of the seas around Antarctica.

At the end of the lesson, students will be able to:

  • Describe the main characteristics of oceans
  • Explain why oceans are a distinctive feature of the earth
  • Explain how the water in the world’s oceans varies
  • Describe the factors influencing the biodiversity of oceans
  • Explain the opportunities arising from the use of ocean resources
  • Describe human activities that pollute oceans
  • Describe the impact of climate change on oceans
  • Explain the factors that influence the use of oceans

Resource Examples

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Lesson Presentation:


Revision Notes & Quiz:


More Natural World Modules

Tropical Environments is one lesson in our Natural World module. The other theory lessons can be found below:

Natural Resources

Weather Systems