Secondary Industry

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Secondary Industry

The Secondary Industry plays a key role to drive the economy of a country. It also forces the global economy to expand and provides opportunities for countries to develop trade agreements. The Primary Industry extract raw material while the Secondary Industry uses these products to make the yields we use. The refined goods we purchase at our shops present a typical example of products that arrived from the Secondary Industry. This industry plays a key part in allowing us to have food on the table without undertaking our own fishing in the morning.

The oil extracted from the natural resources needs refinement before we use them as energy resources. The forestry sector provides us with trees, but it needs a process to make them into suitable wood pieces or furniture. We need industries to transform minerals into useable products used by the vehicle or technology industry, for example.

Each country needs to provide its citizens with food, water, electricity, cars, and houses to buy. To provide these goods, manufacturing becomes necessary. A house needs cement, bricks, wood, and tiles, for example. The Secondary Industry needs to use the original available material to produce the goods we need to build a home.

The Secondary Industry shifts the collection process to a production phase. Before we discuss any further detail, first let us see what it means.

What are Secondary Industries?

The industrial component of a country’s economy relates to the manufacturing of processed products. The Secondary Industry aims to produce products normally used by society. For example, it includes steel or motor vehicle productions or technology. The uniqueness in the secondary world relates to the opposite action of producing goods than collecting raw material.

This specific sector also referred to as a manufacturing industry, uses the raw material provided by the Primary Industries and processes them into consumer products. The other aspect that relates to Secondary Industries involves their ability to transform existing secondary goods into more technologically developed products. It also focuses on the development of capital as well as construction or energy-related products.

What types of Secondary Industries exist?

One may divide the Secondary Industry into macro or micro scales and heavy or light productions. It comprises a significant organisational approach and focuses on specialised labour. The output of these industries relates to steel or iron, heavy or light vehicles, alternative energy for example solar farms, meat produce or cement production.

Smaller Secondary Industries exist focused on clothing manufactures, craftwork, food production, electronics or computer hardware.

Other examples within in the Secondary Industry includes the following:

  • Artisan activities and inventions
  • Chemical industries
  • Oil refinery
  • Brewing plants
  • Sugar Mills

What are the characteristics of the Secondary Industries?

The main characteristics that revolve around Secondary Industries relate to the production component and manufacturing of goods. The tertiary sector subsequently buys these produced goods from the Secondary Industry.

The Industrial Revolution played a key role to invent and implement the Secondary Industry. Examples of new inventions include the railway sector, power stations, and cotton fabrics. The industrial industries also allowed for the creation of a magnitude of employment opportunities for people in the UK, for example. Some of the most popular produced products in the UK relates to the vehicle industry. Other aspects include the finished product of extracted oil. Meaning the raw oil material originates from the Primary Industry, but the refined version comes from the Secondary sector.

What are the key positives related to the Secondary Industry?

The Secondary Industry comprises many positives that drive the economy of a country.

Some of these positives relate to the following:

  • It allows for the diversification of the economy. Meaning the economy prevents from relying on the Primary Industry only and created different employment opportunities. 
  • It allows for an increase in employment income to the country’s citizens or foreign workers.
  • It increases the values of products that subsequently improve the economic status of a country.
  • It allows for the development of specialised career positions, for example, a fitter and turner. 

What are the key negatives related to the Secondary Industry?

The Secondary Industry also comprises many negatives that require constant control. These negatives impact on their ability to produce the goods we need. Some of these negatives relate to the following:

  • Various countries located inland without an ocean zone struggles to export their goods to neighbouring or further away places. Countries bordered on all sides continuously need to negotiate transport access to allow their delivery trucks to enter. If you experience a disagreement with one of your neighbouring countries, you may struggle to transport your goods to a foreign client. 
  • The Secondary Industry developed a problematic stigma because of their role in air and water pollution, for example. The coal industries especially received critique because of the significant level of discharge in the earth’s atmosphere. The more pressure the Secondary Industries experience because of their pollution outputs, the more they sometimes struggle to survive. Many secondary sectors closed because of their inability to keep the environment safe. The complexity in this matter stays with finding a processing method that prevents rivers, streams, water, land, and air from becoming overly polluted.  
  • From a worker’s point of view, the Secondary Industry sometimes focuses on mechanising the sector. It subsequently influences the workforce and the ability to create employment for people who participate in this sector.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the main sectors in the Secondary Industry environment? 

The Secondary Industry’s main sectors focus on the production of goods. It uses the primary material and transforms them into useable products. For example, fish removed from the sea becomes processed and placed in food-safe tins. Diamonds collected from the earth transforms into jewellery pieces.

Is the Secondary Industry typical of a developing or developed country? 

The Secondary Industry remains positioned in developing and developed countries. Developing countries rely more on their primary sectors, but the secondary industry allows for the refinement of various goods. Developing countries sometimes use more small-scale industries and they represent the role of the manufacturer. For example, smaller businesses adopt the role of transforming raw material for example trees into useable wood pieces or planks.

What are the effects of the Secondary Industry on the economy of a country? 

The Secondary Industry plays a key role to maintain a country’s economy. Oil, technology and mineral products constantly form part of various trade agreements. The upkeep of the Secondary Industry, therefore, requires constant development to ensure the creation of a strong economic sector.

Can we live without the Secondary Industry? 

The global attempts continue to find new and modern ways of developing sustainable methods to survive. In this case, the Secondary Industry plays a significant role. Raw material requires refinement and constant production. Developed countries seem to focus more on advancing their Tertiary Industries, but the Secondary component stays a must.

Is the Secondary Industry experiencing threats? 

The biggest threat the Secondary Industry experiences relate to their influence on climate change. The subsequent impacts because of atmospheric, water and land pollutions developed into a sensitive debate. Developed countries attempt to change the manner these industries operate and determine cleaner ways of production efforts. The Secondary Industries experience threats in the sense that they may change in terms of their general outlook and workforce.


Cite/Link to This Article

  • "Secondary Industry". Geography Revision. Accessed on September 18, 2021.

  • "Secondary Industry". Geography Revision, Accessed 18 September, 2021.

  • Secondary Industry. Geography Revision. Retrieved from