Marine Processes

There are 3 types of Marine processes which occur all the time throughout the entire planet. These three marine processes are:

  • Erosion
  • Transportation
  • Deposition

What is Erosion?

The breakdown of big materials into small pieces is called erosion. Most definitely, erosion is the breakdown of the landmasses and the land around you. The general impact of separating and enduring the land is called denudation. 

Denudation is the procedure of erosion. In nature, huge things are separated into littler things. Stones become sand. Mountains become hills due to rainfall. The bits of the mountain become little pieces and go down the sides of slopes. Erosion consistently occurs in a downward bearing. 

Erosion is a simple plan to comprehend. On the off chance that you see a stone, haul it out of a mountain. At that point toss it down on the ground. You are currently a piece of the erosion of that mountain. You have taken a major part (a mountain) and began to make little items out of it (a stone). At the point when that rock hits the ground, it could have broken and made some small bits of rock (sand). 

Erosion is very simple. At the point when it rains, a similar procedure occurs. Rocks fall down from the mountain sometimes through rainfall or a stream. Soils are washed away. The sea beats against a bluff and breaks it separated. There are large instances of denudation. 

The Colorado stream gradually evacuated rocks to shape the Grand Canyon. The majority of soil and rock are moved to another structure and spot. Researchers call it mass wasting. The wasting is the loss of matter in a particular spot. 

There are two methods for mass wasting:

  1. Mechanical, like breaking a stone with a sledgehammer.
  2. Chemical, like pouring corrosive on a stone to break down it. 

A surefire approach to determine what’s going on is to check the shade of the stone. In the event that a stone breaks due to ice, you won’t see a shading change. On the off chance that you see rock that has been close to the sea, you may watch shading changes since it is oxidizing.

Is it possible to build things up by erosion? 

Erosion occurs at the highest points of mountains and under the dirt. Water and synthetic compounds get into the stones and split them up through those mechanical and substance powers. Erosion in one zone can really develop lower regions. Consider a mountain range and a stream. As the mountain dissolves, the stream conveys residue downstream towards the sea. That residue gradually develops and makes new wetlands at the mouth of the waterway.

Processes of Erosion

  • Hydraulic Action
  • Abrasion
  • Corrasion 
  • Attrition

Hydraulic action 

When water waves strike the base of a cliff they compress the air in the cracks. Free stones are ousted and removed. At the point when the wave withdraws the compacted air surges out of the split and can additionally debilitate faults in the cliff.

Abrasion 

Abrasion is the sandpaper impact of free stones being scratched along uncovered stone. It regularly smooths and wipes the stone. 

Corrasion 

When a rock travels along sea waves and crashes onto a cliff is called corrasion. The process breaks them into smaller pieces.

Attrition 

When stones travelling with a wave crash into each other is called attrition. The process steadily makes them little and smoother.

What is Transportation?

With regards to marine geology, transportation means when a material is moved from one place to another through oceans and seas. For example, a rock drifts away into the ocean and with the passage of time it reaches a new destination. There are four process of transportation which are:

  • Traction
  • Saltation
  • Suspension 
  • Solution

Traction 

This is when rocks and substantial stones are hauled along the ocean bed. 

This would, as a rule, happen when the waves need more energy to convey the material in the water. 

Saltation 

This is when little rocks are bobbed along the ocean bed. 

Suspension 

Material, for example, sand grains, are sufficiently light to be conveyed along in the water in suspension. 

Solution 

Lime from chalk and limestone rocks breaks up and is conveyed in solution – undetectable to the unaided eye yet can be seen by the smooth appearance of the ocean. 

What is Deposition?

A deposition is where the material being moved by a waterway is kept. Deposition happens when a waterway loses energy. This can be the point at which a waterway enters a shallow region or towards its mouth where it meets another waterway. 

Streams flood all the time. The region over which they flood is known as the floodplain and this regularly agrees with districts where a winding curve is created. The curve reinforces the arrangement of flood fields through sidelong erosion. 

At the point when streams flood the speed of water eases back. As a consequence of this the stream’s ability to ship material is diminished and deposition happens. This deposition leaves a layer of dregs over the entire floodplain. After a progression of floods layers of silt structure along the flood plain. 

Bigger material and most of deposition happens by the waterway channel. This is the aftereffect of expanded grinding (with the flood plain) making the speed of the stream moderate and hence quickly decrease its capacity to ship material. This leaves an edge of higher material alongside the waterway channel on the two banks of the stream known as a levee. 

Here are some Astonishing Marine life facts:

1. The seas give 99% of the living space on the planet containing 50-80% of all life 

2. Many fish are successive bisexuals which are conceived as females and become male later on. Clownfish are for the most part male aside from the biggest one which turns into a female 

3. A gathering of dolphins is known as a pod, eel or oysters a bed, fish a school or reef, jellyfish a fluther or smack, salmon a dilemma, draft or run, ocean urchins a herd, trout a hover and turtles a bundle, dole or nest

4. Parrot fish produce 85% of the sand that develops reef islands like in the Maledives 

5. Moray eels are not aggressive when they open and close their mouth, they are in reality simply relaxing 

6. The mimic octopus can imitate struggle, jellyfish, sting beam, ocean snake, lionfish or only a stone/coral 

7. Whales make the most intense sounds submerged with 188 dBs, the whistle can head out up to 500 miles 

8. boxer crabs heft two anemones around looking like pom poms 

9. Seahorses are the main creature where the male conceives an offspring 

10. Sponges are more ancient than dinosaurs 

11. Ribbon eels start their life as male dark eels, change to male blue when grown-up and at a last stage they become yellow females 

12. A few sorts of nudibranch are solar-powered and use daylight to generate vitality 

13. Octopodes have 3 hearts 

14. Frogfish don’t have teeth and along these lines need to gulp down their prey 

15. The thresher shark utilizes its grass shearer like tail to chase by slap little fish super tight stunning them 

16. The peacock mantis shrimp can disintegrate water 

17. Pygmy seahorses remain on a similar ocean fan as long as they can remember and may just move around in a plate sizes region 

18. Parrotfish produce their own bed made out of bodily fluid around evening time to be protected from predators 

19. Boxfish are made out of bone box with gaps just for eyes mouth and blades 

20. A few sorts of parasitic isopods can enter fish through the gills and append themselves to the tongue. The parasite makes the tongue of the fish tumble off and afterward fills in as tongue-substitution.

Summary

In Conclusion, the ocean is vast ecosystem where many different sorts of process take place. If we are talking about marine processes related to geology then there are 3 primary operations which take place regularly. These processes are known as erosion, transportation and deposition. Throughout the world, these 3 processes are running continuously for billions of years, changing the shape of the land. 

Firstly, lets discuss erosion. It is the process in which a material loses its matter steadily through constant impact by the flow of water. Erosion is responsible for many land forms, most of these land forms exist near the sea such as a beach or a cliff. If you are living near beach you see some rock with a peculiar shape. Some rocks have arc like structure, that is due to erosion. The water continuously strikes the rock and with the passage of time changes its shape.

Secondly, transportation is how rocks travel. Transportation is the process in which rocks are carried by the water from one place to another. For example, if you throw a rock into a sea, the waves will push and pull the rock which will displace it regularly. After a while the rock will reach a new destination. There are many forms of transportation but the principle of each one remains the same which is to carry the material from one place to another. 

Thirdly, lets talk about deposition. It is the process through which material is delivered to a new location. For example, a rock is continuously moving in an ocean due to the waves, but as soon as the rock reaches a shallow water region where the intensity of waves is weak, the rock stops and finds itself in an entirely new location. 

Lastly, these 3 processes are responsible for the shape of your landmass. If you observe and study the history of our continents, you will find that due to erosion we have lost a significant amount of land. Moreover, these processes are also responsible for some of the most beautiful natural landmarks in the world. 

A Fun Activity to try 

Here is fun activity you can try but not only fun but educational. You see when people are stranded on an island, they use glass bottles to signal for help. They write a help note and stuff it inside the glass bottle while tightly sealing it so that no water can penetrate the bottle otherwise the note would be destroyed from water damage. Then they throw the bottle as far as they can into the sea. The sea waves carry the bottle to a random shore where a stranger finds the note reads the help message and alert the authorities regarding the situation of the people who are stranded on the island.

You too can write a message and throw it into the ocean, who knows maybe someone from the opposite side of the world may receive your message. 

References

  • (n.d.). Retrieved from National Geographic: https://www.nationalgeographic.org/encyclopedia/erosion/
  • Break It Down. (n.d.). Retrieved from Geography for kids: http://www.geography4kids.com/files/land_erosion.html
  • Deposition. (n.d.). Retrieved from Internetgeography: http://www.geography.learnontheinternet.co.uk/topics/river_deposition.html
  • EllaTheBella2000. (n.d.). Coastal Landforms from erosion. Retrieved from quizlet: https://quizlet.com/247475906/coastal-landforms-from-erosion-flash-cards/
  • Marine Life Facts. (n.d.). Retrieved from morefundiving: https://morefundiving.com/20-incredible-marine-life-facts/Marine Processes. (n.d.). Retrieved from ALevelGeography: https://www.alevelgeography.com/marine-processes/