Population growth in LEDCs and MEDCs

Most low economically developed countries have a high rate of population growth. Most LEDCs are in the second or third stage of the demographic transition model. This implies that the death rates in these countries have been falling due to improving health care systems. China is the best example where shows the problems when the … Read more

Population: Distribution, Density and Growth

The people of a nation are its true wealth. It is they, who are the real resources and make use of the country’s other resources and determine its policies. Conclusively a country is identified by its people. It is necessary to know how many men and women a country has, how many children are delivered … Read more

River and drainage patterns

Development of the river systems The water that comes in the form of rain is partly absorbed by the ground, partly evaporated and some of its parts flows in the form of streams, brooks and tributaries of the river. The water flowing through the surface has the capacity to transform the earth surface through denudation. … Read more

River formation and its course

The mechanism of humid erosion Humid erosion involves the entire aspects of shaping the effects of running water from the activities of rainwater to that of the rivers. The movement of water and the material depends on: Lubricating action of water due to gravity – It is highly pronounced in the areas where the slope … Read more

Basic Concepts of Population

Growth of Population: Change of population in a particular area between two points of time are known as growth of population. For example, if we subtract the population of the UK 2001 (5.1 crores) from the population of 2011 (6.32 crores), then we shall get the growth of population (1.22 crores) in actual numbers. Growth … Read more

Major Manufacturing Industries

The Ruhr Coal-field (Germany) This has been one of the important industrial areas of Europe for a long time. Coal and iron and steel articulated the basis of the economy, but as the need for coal diminished, the industry started narrowing. Even after the iron ore was depleted, the industry prevailed, utilising imported ore carried … Read more

Tourism Development

Tourism is a journey commenced for goals of recreation rather than a business. It has become the world’s sole biggest tertiary activity in total recorded jobs (250 million) and total income (40 per cent of the total GDP). Besides, many regional persons, are engaged in services like accommodation, refreshments, transportation, recreation and specialised shops attending … Read more

Types of Urban Settlements

Depending on services available, size and functions rendered, urban centres are assigned as a town, city, million cities, conurbation, metropolis. Town The notion of ‘town’ can best be explained by relating it to ‘village’. Population size is not the only measure. Functional differences between villages and towns may not always be clearcut, but distinct functions … Read more

Weather Measurement

Weather explains the day to day situation of the atmosphere. It can be hot, sunny, rainy, windy, cloudy or snowy. The climate, on the other hand, means the average of the weather in a particular region based on the average weather for over thirty years or more. Factors that are taken into account while observing … Read more

Coniferous Forests

Characteristics and Climate The angles between the 50° and 60° N of the equator is the region where coniferous forests are found. These forests are known as evergreen coniferous forests that consist of trees equipped with needles like leaves. These are also known as Taiga forests. The most common trees found in this region are … Read more