Tertiary Industry

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Tertiary Industry

The Tertiary Industry connects directly with the Primary and Secondary Sectors but plays a different and unique role. This industry allows filling the spaces after the collection and refinement of raw materials. Services become available as a person sells you an investment or an organisation who helps you with a financial decision making process. 

The Primary and Secondary Industries focus on the tangible aspects of the economy. While the Tertiary Industry aims to provide a service. For example, this industry does not provide you with a specific product, a ring. It rather uses a person to sell you the jewellery.

Also, if you become sick and need to see your doctor. The doctor provides you with a service by checking on your health status. This service presents an intangible aspect one cannot necessarily rate according to something touchable. 

The Tertiary Industry focuses significantly on supporting the other sectors. If you work at a vehicle manufacturing plant, you need some method to reach your workplace. This means you need a service provider to take you to work.

Tertiary Industries comprise many opportunities within the services environment. It also contains different positives and negatives. The Tertiary Industry can become extensively fragile in the event of an economic decline. These declines generally impact on a country’s ability to grow the Tertiary Industry. Let us see in the following sections what it means.

What are Tertiary Industries?

Tertiary Industries and sectors refer to economic activated countries that focus on sales and usages of diverse goods and services. It aims to operate highly within a service industry environment. Some economically advanced countries include the UK, the USA, Germany, Japan, and France.

The Tertiary Industry focuses on a component of an economy that gives services to its consumers. These services involve a large range of opportunities for example schools, restaurants or financial banks. Normally if a country becomes more developed, they tend to focus on their tertiary sectors. Tertiary Industry types aim to provide a specialised service bought by a customer or organisation.

What types of Tertiary Industries exist?

The types of Tertiary Industries we find work within a specific space aligned with business-related activities. These types of industries refer to rail transport, road transportation or shipping services. It also speaks to taxi services, hotels, recreational lodges, hospitality, and restaurants. Other services include clinics, veterinarians, banks or investment specialists. The service expanded significantly by allowing different subject specialists to provide a service in consulting. For example, people use their skills to give institutions or other individuals with advice. We see this as a service without selling a specific tangible product. 

What are the characteristics of Tertiary Industries?

The Tertiary Industry comprises two different sectors. The first component focuses on the financial sectors or businesses that aim to reproduce capital. The second component aims to provide services in the non-profit environment for example government institutions. This sector purely focuses on providing access to services. Meaning this industry only supplies a person or organisation with help to process your financial transaction, for example. They do not supply you with any goods or products. 

Tertiary Industries maintain connections with the Primary as well as the Secondary Industries. For example, the shipping industry transporting goods to another country needs an update from the weather services for safety reasons. Depending on a country’s characteristics, these Tertiary Industries form part of society’s daily lifestyle. One needs to go to school, visit the shop, withdraw cash at the bank or speak with your doctor.

What are the key positives related to the Tertiary Industry?

The Tertiary Industry provides many positives to the economy and supports a country’s objectives to develop. These key positives involve the following:

  • The Tertiary Sector allows for the development of large-scale employment opportunities in different fields. The economic sector normally provides significant space for people who work in the Tertiary Industry. Just think about the banks, how many people they employ or the hospitality sector. 
  • This sector continues to grow and remove the concentration from primary activities. Countries aim to move away from total reliance on the primary industries to innovation and service focused opportunities as well. The UK received significant success in the field by developing post-industrial opportunities. As much as you need primary and secondary sectors to collect raw material and refine them, the more you need services. For example, you need services to transport your workers to the manufacturing plant. 
  • It allows the ability for people to specialise their skills in the services environment. Different individuals comprise varied talents and some people may perform better in a service environment.

What are the key negatives related to the Tertiary Industry?

The Tertiary Industry consists of diverse challenges, especially during the sale of the product. 

Some of these concerns relate to the following:

  • The alignment of a price with an intangible product offers great difficulties and sometimes unhappiness during the transaction. One person or organisation’s idea about the value of the service may differ from the other. 
  • The quality of the service becomes debatable and questions raised regarding the mathematical explanation of product quality. The problem remains with selling a product you cannot see or touch.
  • The provision of services sometimes becomes complex because of external factors. For example, a person providing a service may feel down and prevent from focusing. It subsequently results in the person not performing. The intangible aspect becomes difficult to manage as a service because of human involvement most times. 
  • The Tertiary Industry remains sensitive towards the occurrences of economic or social instability. If a country experiences diverse challenges, it might impact their ability to grow the primary or secondary sectors. It subsequently influences the tertiary component as well.  

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the main sectors in the Tertiary Industry environment? 

The main factors in the Tertiary Industry relate to their ability to provide a service. They prevent focusing on the production of tangible goods. The aim of the tertiary sector relates to giving a service or helping individuals or organisations. This sector presents no tangible product.

Is the Tertiary Industry typical of a developing or developed country? 

The Tertiary Industry generally becomes stronger in developed countries. Although in developing countries, the services also occur. In the developed countries a larger focus becomes available with the expansion of the financial, economic and hospitality services for example.

What are the effects of the Tertiary Industry on the economy of a country? 

The Tertiary Industry plays a key role to expand the economy of the country. The focus remains on providing the country’s alternative industries with constant support. The growth in the support sector normally displays a significant expansion of the global and local economic status. It also allows the country to expand its services across its borders and assist other countries as well.

Can we live without the Tertiary Industry? 

Countries require the Tertiary Industry to maintain the support systems to their Primary and Secondary Industries. The size of the Tertiary Industries varies depending on the services provided and the status countries comprise.

Is the Tertiary Industry experiencing threats? 

The Tertiary Industry experiences threats when the economy struggles. Countries subsequently revert to the Primary and Secondary Industries to remain stable. During these instances, one notices a decline in financial statuses, investment and consultancy services.


Cite/Link to This Article

  • "Tertiary Industry". Geography Revision. Accessed on January 26, 2021. https://geography-revision.co.uk/gcse/industry/tertiary-industry/.

  • "Tertiary Industry". Geography Revision, https://geography-revision.co.uk/gcse/industry/tertiary-industry/. Accessed 26 January, 2021.

  • Tertiary Industry. Geography Revision. Retrieved from https://geography-revision.co.uk/gcse/industry/tertiary-industry/.